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The World of Artists
Dürer: science and painting

Dürer's interest in the nude was notably modified following his first trip to Italy, and from that point onwards he looked to an ideal derived from the classical world. Nonetheless, Dürer's nudes, with their emphasis on restrained beauty and proportion, are clearly based on a real model in which it is possible to analyse the different types of human body. Towards the end of his life his search for the secrets of artistic representation led Dürer to write various theoretical treatises through which he aimed to offer a solid, intellectual basis for the practice of painting. Like Leonardo, Dürer was also interested in the proportions of the horse.
Women's Bath

Albrecht Dürer
Women's Bath, 1496
Pen and ink. 231 x 226 mm
Bremen, Kunsthalle
Nude Woman with a Staff

Albrecht Dürer
Nude Woman with a Staff, 1498
Pen and brown ink. 30.8 x 21.9 cm
Sacramento, Crocker Art Museum
The Great Fortune or

Albrecht Dürer
The Great Fortune or "Nemesis", 1501
Engraving. 329 x 229 mm
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional de España
The Four Books on Human Proportions
Albrecht Dürer
The Four Books on Human Proportions, [Hieronymus Andreae, Nuremberg, 1528]
316 x 210 x 26 mm (closed); 316 x 420 x 26 mm (opened)
Frontal View of a Man (fol. K6v) 238 x 185 mm
View of the same Man (fol. L1r) 233 x 188 mm
Vienna, Österreichisches National Bibliothek
The Small Horse

Albrecht Dürer
The Small Horse, 1505
Engraving. 163 x 118 mm
Coburgo, Kunstsammlungen der Veste Coburg