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Third room
Modern Color

The anti-naturalistic and symbolic use of colour as an expressive element in the portrait, introduced by Van Gogh, had a crucial influence on the transformation of the genre brought about by the artists of the early 20th century Expressionist movements. Portraits by Henri Matisse, Maurice de Vlaminck, Alexej von Jawlensky, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Joan Miró offered an innovative solution to evoking the sitter’s identity through formal simplification and the expressive force of pure colours.
The Postman Joseph Roulin

Vincent van Gogh
The Postman Joseph Roulin, 1888
Oil on canvas, 25 5/8 x 21 1/4 in. (65 x 54 cm)
Kunstmuseum Winterthur
Presented by the heirs of Georg Reinhart, 1955
André Derain

Maurice de Vlaminck
André Derain, 1906
Oil on cardboard, 10 5/8 x 8 3/4 in. (27 x 22.2 cm)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection, 1998
Artist: Marcella

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Artist: Marcella, 1910
Oil on canvas, 39 3/4 x 29 7/8 in. (101 x 76 cm)
Brücke-Museum, Berlin